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Asia Pacific Database

(Available as File 30: Dialog Information Services) (Through January 2011: 400,000 records; 100,000 fulltext records.) The Asia Pacific Database is a bibliographic and fulltext database that provides area coverage (especially for economic development, investment, trade and technological industries) for Northeast Asia and Asia-Pacific. The database is designed to provide easy bibliographic and fulltext access to journals, newspapers, conference proceedings, press releases, books, manuals, magazines, and ephemera.

Core area country coverage:

Northeast Asia: Hong Kong, Japan, Laos, Malaysia, Mongolia, North Korea, Peoples' Republic of China (PRC), South Korea, Taiwan, Tibet.

Asia-Pacific: Fiji, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, New Caledonia, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Vanuatu, Western Samoa.

All Reference databases are constantly expanded and enriched, both with additional records from journals that have been abstracted for many years, but also from new journals, new sources and new books, whether by abstracts or fulltext.

Asia Pacific Database Sample Abstract 1

"Special Report: Global Financial Crisis: China Announces Multi-Billion-Dollar Infrastructure Projects, Higher Export Rebates To Stimulate Economy. China View (www.chinaview.cn), November 12, 2008.

China's government on Wednesday announced a number of measures, including approval of infrastructure projects and a further rise in export rebates, in a wide-ranging attempt to stimulate the economy and stave off the effects of the global financial crisis. The State Council approved projects with a combined investment of more than 200 billion yuan ($29 billion), designed to help boost domestic demand and offset slowing exports. At executive meeting presided over by Premier Wen Jiabao, State Councilors agreed to raise export rebates on more than 3700 items -- mainly labor-intensive, mechanical and electrical products and other items vulnerable to weakening overseas demand.

The infrastructure projects included a gas pipeline from the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region to the southern economic hubs of Guangzhou and Hong Kong, requiring an investment of 93 billion yuan. Also approved was the building of the Guangdong Yangjiang nuclear power plant and the expansion of the Zhejiang Qinshan nuclear power plant at a combined cost of 95.5 billion yuan. Another 17.4 billion yuan would go to water conservancy projects in regions of Xinjiang, Guizhou and Jiangxi and civil airports in the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region and Anhui Province.

The 300-billion-yuan reconstruction central government fund dedicated to 51 hard-hit areas in Sichuan, Gansu and Shaanxi provinces would provide the main financing for the May 12 earthquake zone. The forestry industry, ravaged by the severe winter weather at the start of the year and the earthquake, would receive support for restoration by 2010, including subsidies to forestry workers to help rebuild their damaged homes.

The measures followed a massive stimulus package worth 4 trillion yuan ($570 billion) unveiled on Sunday. China's economy slowed sharply in the third quarter because of slowing exports and investment growth. Gross domestic product was up 9% from the same period last year, compared with 10.1% in the second quarter and 10.6% in the first quarter.

Geographic Descriptors:Anhui, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangzhou, Guizhou, Hong Kong, Inner Mongolia, Jiangxu, Ningxia Hui, PRC, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang

Subject Descriptors: Disaster Recovery, Earthquakes, Economic Growth, Export Credits, Exports, Exports-PRC, Forest Products, GDP, Housing, Infrastructure, Natural Gas, Nuclear Reactors, Pipelines, Power Plants, Reconstruction, Water Conservation, Water Resources

Corporate Descriptors: State Council, Guangdong Yangjiang Nuclear Power Plant, Zhejiang Qinshan Nuclear Power Plant

Named Persons: Wen Jiabao [PRC]

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Asia Pacific Database Sample Abstract 2

Normile, Dennis

"Energy Research: Fusion 'Consolation Prize' Gears Up For Show Time", in Science, June 18, 2010. pp. 1462-1463.

The Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) is building a complex at Rokkasho that will include the world's fastest supercomputer (as part of the International Fusion Energy Research Centre (IFERC)) and advanced research facilities for fusion research and studies on toxic and radioactive materials (the International Fusion Materials Irradiation Facility (IFMIF)). This work is proceeding in tandem with the building of the $12 billion International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) in Cadarche, France. The Rokkasho facility will study the advanced materials needed in future fusion reactors, work that ITER will not address, in the JAEA Broader Approach Program.

Both France and Japan wanted ITER, and both offered to pay half of the project. Although France (with Euratom) got ITER, Japan got the process of developing the technologies to scale up ITER into the near-commercial scale Fusion Demonstration Reactor (DEMO).

The Broader Approach also includes the Satellite Tokamak Program, which will refit japan's aging JT-60 Tokamak with superconducting magnets.

Geographic Descriptors: France, Honshu, Japan

Subject Descriptors: Fusion Systems, Magnets, Materials Research, R&D, Supercomputers, Superconductors

Corporate Descriptors: Tokamaks, Euratom, JAEA, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, ITER, International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor, Broader Approach Program, DEMO, Fusion Demonstration Reactor, IFERC, International Fusion Energy Research Centre, IFMIF, International Fusion Materials Irradiation Facility, JT-60 Tokamak, Satellite Tokamak Program

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Asia-Pacific Database Primary Document

Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation; APEC; APEC Secretariat.

Press Release: Fact Sheets: APEC And Climate Change. Singapore: Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), APEC-Secretariat, August 21, 2007.

Issued by the APEC Secretariat. Singapore, August 21, 2007. APEC Leaders will consider climate change, energy security and clean development as key themes for their 2007 retreat In Sydney. The use of fossil fuels for transport and electricity production is a major factor in the increasing levels of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere which contribute to climate change and APEC has already launched initiatives, primarily through the Energy Working Group (EWG), to more broadly promote clean and efficient energy production and use. In 2001, APEC developed the Energy Security Initiative (ESI), which comprises short-term measures and long-term policy responses to address the challenges facing the region's energy supply. APEC's key activities aimed at practical outcomes on clean development and climate change include:

(1) Energy Investment and Trade: APEC is developing mechanisms that could encourage banks to more fully consider the savings from Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) investments. Natural Gas Trade. APEC Best Practice Principles for Natural Gas Trade to promote financing and investment, technology transfer, and transparent permitting processes for liquid natural gas (LNG) facilities are being developed. Environmental Goods. APEC is seeking to develop a list of environmental goods that could be updated regularly and used as a reference for regional trade. APEC is also conducting training on environmental goods focusing on renewable and clean energy technologies and water and wastewater treatment. An APEC Energy Trade and Investment Study and Roundtable in 2008 will identify trade and investment barriers to the greater use of cleaner and more efficient fuels and technologies in the APEC region and discuss ways to overcome these barriers.

(2) Energy Efficiency: Mitigating the effects of climate change through increased energy efficiency measures is promoted by APEC in a variety of ways: The APEC Energy Standards Information System (APEC-ESIS) provides government and industry with information on testing standards, minimum energy performance standards and labeling requirements for a range of equipment traded in the APEC region. Increasing highway transport and passenger transport system efficiency is an important issue for the APEC Expert Group on Energy Efficiency and Conservation. This includes the examination of a range of policies for improving the fuel efficiency and the analysis of transportation data to track energy efficiency improvements. An APEC Energy Peer Review Mechanism is being developed for APEC member economies to undergo a voluntary progress review, relating to energy policy reforms and implementation of initiatives aimed at attaining energy efficiency goals.

(3) Energy Technology: Technological advances have created opportunities to reduce emissions in a number of areas: The APEC Expert Group on New & Renewable Energy Technologies (EGNRET) designs projects to assess, develop, and promote renewable energy technologies. This includes a sourcebook of hydrogen codes & standards for APEC member economies and projects focusing on developing best practices in energy efficiency and renewable energy in buildings. The APEC Expert Group on Clean Fossil Energy (EGCFE) sponsors studies and training to help expand the use of clean coal technologies and natural gas in electricity generation. Nuclear Power is an important source of low-emission energy generation in the region and APEC Energy Ministers have been active in encouraging relevant economies to ensure the safety, security, seismic, health and waste handling aspects of civilian nuclear energy are adequately addressed.

(4) Transport Emission And Alternative Fuels: Recognizing that the transportation sector contributes large-scale emissions and is the leading sector for oil demand growth in the APEC region, APEC is working with industry to improve fuel efficiency and promote alternative fuel use. APEC Transportation Ministers have directed the Transportation Working Group (TPTWG) to work with experts on sustainable policy approaches to address emissions from aviation operations. A first APEC seminar which developed options to reduce aviation emissions based on mutual consent, was held from 10-11 August in Singapore. The APEC Biofuels Task Force is overseeing projects such as an assessment of biofuel resources and supply potential and establishing guidelines for biodiesel standards in order to enhance APEC biodiesel trade.

(5) Preparedness And Adaptation: Across a broad range of sectors APEC fora are working to increase awareness and preparations for the potential repercussions of climate change, including: The APEC Industrial Science & Technology Working Group (ISTWG) will conduct a project to help member economies reduce negative economic impacts, and protect lives and properties by providing climate prediction information. The ISTWG is also assisting in the development of an early warning system of high impact climate changes. The APEC Marine Resources Conservation Working Group (MRCWG) has developed projects on climate change adaptation to deal with issues that include rising sea levels.

(6) Dialogue With Business Sector: Public-private sector partnerships have become an important ingredient for the success of government policy in addressing the challenges of climate change. APEC provides a forum for government-to-business dialogues including: The Energy Business Network (EBN) was created to provide an industry perspective on the key energy challenges that could be factored into government decision making. This is particularly relevant when considering issues relating to climate change. The 2007 APEC Energy Business Forum enabled Energy Ministers and senior energy industry representatives from a wide range of APEC member economies to discuss ways to deal with the impact of high energy prices and climate change on the efficiency of energy use and options for clean energy supply in buildings, industry, electric power generation, and transportation.

(7) Cooperation With Other Organizations: Cooperation and partnership between international organizations on energy security, climate change and other environmental challenges is essential for each to make a valid contribution through their specific area of expertise. For APEC this includes: The EWG collaborating with the International Energy Agency to build dialogue on energy statistics and indicators, energy technology development and oil security. The EWG will also submit, as a partnership initiative led by Australia and Mexico, a report on "Energy for Sustainable Development: Fostering Regional Energy Cooperation in APEC" to the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development.

Geographic Descriptors: Australia, Mexico, Singapore

Subject Descriptors: Banking, Biofuels, Diplomatic Relations, Energy Conservation, Energy Policy, Environmental Planning, International Organizations, Natural Gas, Regional Development, Renewable Resources, Sea Level Rise, Sustainable Development, Technology Transfer, Trade Policy, Transportation

Corporate Descriptors: Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, APEC, APEC Secretariat, APEC Energy Ministers, ISTWG, APEC-ISTWG, APEC Industrial Science & Technology Working Group, UN Commission on Sustainable Development, APEC Energy Business Forum, MRCWG, APEC-MRCWG, APEC Marine Resources Conservation Working Group, APEC Biofuels Task Force, APEC Transportation Ministers, TPTWG, APEC-TPTWG, APEC Transportation Working Group, ENGRET, APEC-EGNRET, APEC Expert Group on New & Renewable Energy Technologies, EGCFE, APEC-EGCFE, APEC Expert Group on Clean Fossil Energy, ESI, APEC-ESI, APEC Energy Security Initiative, EWG, APEC-EWG, APEC Energy Working Group

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